Sant Tukaram Maharaj Biography In English
Sant Tukaram Maharaj Information In English
Saint Tukaram was a Warakari saint-poet of the seventeenth century AD. He was born in the village of Deehu on Vasant Panchami-Magh Shuddha Panchami. Vithoba of Pandharpur was the deity of Tukaram. Tukaram is known by the Warakari as ‘Jagadguru’. At the end of the discourse and kirtan of the Warkari sect – ‘Pundalik Varade Hari Vitthal, Shri Dnyandev Tukaram, Pandharinath Maharaj ki Jai, Jagadguru Tukaram Maharaj ki Jai’. Jagadguru Tukaram was a folk poet. ‘Ja ka ranjle ganjle! That is to say, we should identify the one who is a sadhu! God knows! ‘ Saint Tukaram Maharaj showed such an easy way of devotion to God by telling the masses. He created an unbroken tradition of Warakari sect. Tukaram Maharaj is mentioned as a reforming saint who ushered in social awakening in the seventeenth century. Tukaram Maharaj was a realist, fearless and a saint who attacked the hypocrisy of the society in a timely manner. The land of Maharashtra was in turmoil during this period. During this period, Saint Tukaram worked to guide the society accurately through his literature and kirtans.
Tukaram Maharaj was an enlightened and fearless saint poet. Vedanta flowed from Tukoba’s Abhangvani to the common people. His Abhangs became so popular that he said, “It’s just Tukarama.” Saint Tukaram’s Bhavakavita is Abhang, this Abhang is a great symbol of the cultural tradition of Maharashtra. Warakaris, devotees, writers, scholars and general aficionados still study his abhangas. His abhangs are also in the daily lessons of the uneducated people in the villages.
He was fortunate enough to be the pinnacle of Bhagwat Dharma. They are firmly established in the heart of Maharashtra. There is a touch of return in their abhangas. The sanctity of mantras permeates the vocabulary. His empathy is in his emotions. The sweetness and richness of language in his poetry is incomparable. Sant Tukaram Maharaj has composed Gawlani along with his abhanglekhana.
Many have tried to unravel the beauty of Saint Tukaram by studying his abhanga in many parts. Maharaj’s saga has remained in the mouths of the masses as a source of unbroken knowledge. Those who say Gatha Budavali had a real experience of hearing Gatha alive by hearing Abhang from the mouths of the masses. On the banks of the river Indrayani, millions of people started chanting Abhang in the Gatha. At this time, Tukaram Maharaj realized that his Abhang, his Gatha was not submerged. So she is alive in the mouths of the masses. This is a true acknowledgment of your work. In a real sense, Saint Tukaram was a saint of the time. He succeeded in awakening the masses and convincing the people about the religion. He tried to destroy the chaos in the religion as well as the naive beliefs. Saint Tukaram did the work of giving a new religion and a new language to the people by removing the turban of superstition on the society. Saint Tukaram’s Dharmakranti Samaj Prabodhan is still a guide for the society. His abhangs have been beneficial to human life. Saint Tukaram was a hero of the eighth generation. V.K. Rajwade has criticized the saint movement to some extent. In the context of the saint movement, he writes, “Maharashtra has been crippled for three centuries by the saint movement, but the exception to this is Saint Ramdas.”
Iife Of Sant Tukaram Maharaj In English
Historians differ on the date of Tukaram’s birth, four of which are dated to AD. 1568, I.S. 1577 1608 and These are 1598. इ.स. It is believed that his god Vitthal took him to Vaikunthi in front of all the people present in 1650.
His family name is More and his last name is Ambile. Vishwambharbuva, the original male of his family, was a great devotee of Vitthal. There was a tradition of making Pandhari Wari in their house. Tukaram’s father was Bolhoba and his mother was Kankai. He had Savji as his elder brother and Kanhoba as his younger brother. The elder brother Savji was apathetic. The entire responsibility of the house was on Tukoba. He was first married to Jijai (Avali), daughter of Appaji Gulve of Pune.
Tukoba had to endure the blows of adversity in his mundane life. I had to suffer many mundane sufferings. His parents died when he was 17-18 years old, his elder brother went on pilgrimage due to boredom. They had to face a severe drought. His eldest son named Santu went to famine, cattle also went, Mahajanki drowned. The mind became sad, the world became bored. In this situation, he continued his devotion to Sri Vitthal and started worshiping on Bhandara hill near Dehu village. He was enlightened while searching for eternity. It is believed that Sri Vitthal met him there as Parabrahma.
Tukaram had a traditional business of lending. But once there was a famine, they freed all the clans from the clutches of their lenders. Land mortgage documents dumped in Indrayani river. Later, while giving discourses and kirtans, Tukaram started composing abhangas.
Santaji Jagannade, his childhood friend from Sudumbare village, did the job of transcribing Tukaram’s Abhang on paper.
In the village of Dehu, a man named Mambaji caused a lot of trouble to Tukaram. But when Tukaram’s wife Awali tried to beat Mambaji, Mambaji fled. But later, recognizing Tukaram’s spiritual authority, he too became his disciple.
Rameshwar Bhat of Wagholi village near Pune, after explaining the meaning of the Vedas in Sanskrit to Tukaram in Prakrit, punished him by drowning the sagas of his abhangas in the river Indrayani.
It is believed that Tukaram’s body went to Vaikuntha on Falgun Vadya II. This day is known as ‘Tukaram Beej’. Even though Tukaram Maharaj was worldly, he turned his life towards Parmartha. He believed that all society should be rich. He had compassion for the poor. Their hearts were like an ocean, they were aware of humanity. He was a merchant. They gave the people what they had. He is the first saint in the world to forgive the debts of debtors. His attitude was to bring equality in the world. He was the epitome of boredom in the world. As Mahatma Gautam Buddha renounced Raja Aishwarya. As such, Saint Tukaram renounced the pleasures and sorrows of the world. In order to run the world smoothly, he guided human beings and the society of that time through Abhangas. His guidance became fundamental in the eyes of the society.
People with some perverted disorders in the society tried to drive Saint Tukaram crazy. Many conspiracies were hatched, from which Tukaram escaped unscathed.
Saint Tukaram had four children. Daughters Bhagirathi and Kashi and sons Narayan and Mahadev. Two of them died of the disease. After leaving his first wife, he got married for the second time to Navlai alias Jijau, daughter of Appaji Gulve of Pune. She was naughty by nature but like Sati Savitri. She took care of Saint Tukaram’s world, took care of his apathy. Saint Tukaram Maharaj sat on Bhandara mountain for thirteen days for introspection. Contemplating God’s mercy, Jijau took care of them at that time.
Genealogy Of Sant Tukaram Maharaj | Vanshaval Sant Tukaram Maharaj In English
- Vishwambhar and Amai Ambile have two children – Hari and Mukund
- Vitthal, the son of one of them
- The children of the other – Padaji Ambile, Shankar Ambile, Kanhaya Ambile
- Birth place and residence of Saint Tukaram Maharaj, Dehugaon
- Bolhoba and Kankai Ambile have three children – Savji (eldest). He left home to go on a pilgrimage. Tukaram in the middle and Kanhoba in the younger
Books Written By Sant Tukaram Maharaj In English
Sant Tukaram Gatha is the Gita of Bahujans. Gyanganga of liberation has been flowing in the holy land of Maharashtra for the last four hundred years in the form of this ballad. Znanoba, Tukaram are the cultural universities of Maharashtra. His literature is the foundation of spiritual knowledge. Abhang and Ovi are well established in the lower castes. The garden of life flourished in the culture of Maharashtra. The language of this abhanga of Znanoba-Tukaram is straightforward and simple. There are words rolling in the mouth, ringing in the ears.
After the demise of Devagiri Yadavs in Maharashtra, chaos started all over Maharashtra. The economic and religious exploitation of the Bahujan Samaj began. The Jews of slavery were hanging around the necks of many. Theocracy was strong. Hinduism was steeped in rituals. The society was bald before the practice of Deva-Dharma. The whole society was engulfed in superstition. Foreign power was strengthened. The essence and self-esteem of the society was lost. Adilshahi, Nizamshahi, Mughalshahi were firmly entrenched in the society. The Maratha chiefs of Maharashtra were fighting among themselves for their homeland. The orthodox people of Hinduism had strengthened the framework of Chaturvarna. So there was no unity in the society. It was during this period that a divine flame emerged, the first saint of the Dharma Revolution – Dnyaneshwar – came forward during this period. He ignited the first flame of the spiritual revolution in the Marathi language. Dnyaneshwar was severely persecuted by the then Sanatani Dharmamartandas. But Dnyaneshwar gave them a blunt answer according to Dharmashastra. Its greatness lies in the fact that it has been burning for more than seven centuries.
After Dnyaneshwar, Janardan Swami, Eknath Maharaj, Namdev and later Saint Tukaram hoisted the flag of Bhagwat Dharma everywhere. The culmination of Bhagwat Dharma is Saint Tukaram, who erased the flames of Dharma rituals spread in the Bahujan Samaj through his kirtan. Abhangvani settled in the valleys of Maharashtra. Saint Tukaram gave the teachings of Satyadharma to the world through Abhangvani. The storm of social change spread everywhere. The Sanatani Dharmamartandas roared to stop this storm, not through many crises and conspiracies, but through the fire, Abhang kept on roaring. He broke the caste-religion divide. The framework of slavery was broken. Created self-esteem in the Bahujan Samaj.
Saint Tukaram became an important saint of this period who taught Rashtra Dharma through Abhang Vani Kirtan. Saint Tukaram tried to convince the Bahujan Samaj to give firm views on God and religion. He tried his best to dispel misconceptions about godlessness. He was strongly opposed by the Dharmamartandas of that time. The opponents bowed down but Abhang, Abhang remained. If we look at his genealogy, the tradition of Warakari sect seems to be intact in his family. According to the custom of the time, Mukunda’s wife Sati passed away. Hari’s wife was pregnant and Sati did not go. Hari had a son named Vithoba. Vithoba’s Daji and Daji’s Shankar, Shankar’s Kanhoba, Kanhoba’s Bolhoba and Bolhoba’s Saint Tukaram. Saint Tukaram’s surname was More. Traditionally, it was a home-grown business. There was a lender. Dehu village is situated at a distance of 15 to 20 km from Pune on the banks of Indrayani river. Saint Tukaram’s original man Vishwambhar had built the temple of Vithoba in the villages. The Warkari sect was running smoothly in the family. Such a mention is found in the character of the glorified saint Tukaram. There were eight generations of moneylenders in the family of Saint Tukaram, he was a moneylender. The rich were rejoicing in the house. Despite the fact that there was a shortage of servants at home, Saint Tukaram remained aloof from these things. Despite the world, he devoted his life to charity.
The saga of Tukarama’s abhangas has been published in book form by the Government of Maharashtra and also by many publishers. Translation of the Gathe into Telugu (Translator – Karne Gajendra Bharti Maharaj)
- Tukaram Gatha (Editor Nanamaharaj Sakhre)
- Daily Tukaram Gatha (Editor Madhav Kanitkar)
- Shri Tukaram Gatha (Editor SK Neurgaonkar)
- The saga of Shri Sant Tukaram Maharaj (Editor H. B. P. Shri Pandurang Anaji Ghul)
Names Given To The Places Of Tukaram Maharaj
- Tukaram Udyan (Nigdi-Pune)
- Tukaramnagar (Kharadi-Pune)
- Tukaramnagar (Talegaon Dabhade-Pune)
- Tukaramnagar (Pimpri-Pune)
- Tukaramwadi (Jalgaon)
- Tukaramwadi (Dombivali East)
- Tukaramwadi (Pen-Konkan)
Books Of Sant Tukaram Maharaj
- A comparative study of the devotional poetry of Saint Tukaram and Mahatma Basaveshwar
- Shri Sant Tukaram Personality and Poetry
- Saint Tukaram: Personal and literary
- Folklore References and Contemplations in the Abhanga of Saint Tukaram Maharaj: A Study
- Study of informal value education in the abhanga of Saint Tukaram Maharaj
- Saint Tukaram Maharaj and his devotion to Vitthal
- Study of values in the literature of Saint Tukaram and Saint Ramdas
- Ways of restraint reflected in the literature of Saint Dnyaneshwar, Saint Tukaram and Saint Ramdas
- Annexure of Saint Eknath and Saint Tukaram: A Study
- A medical study of the philosophy of Saint Tukaram Maharaj
- Study of post-independence review on Saint Tukaram’s Gatha
- Saint Tukaram Gatha – Folklore Studies
- The personality of Saint Tukaram reflected in Marathi literature
- A Comparative Study of the Economics of Welfare in Saint Literature: Special References – Saints Tukaram, Dnyaneshwar, Eknath and Namdev
- Saint Tukaram’s Composition: Nature and Healing