Jawaharlal Motilal Nehru was India’s first Prime Minister and a popular leader of the Indian National Congress Party, a leading figure in the Indian independence movement. He is also known as Pandit Nehru. Pandit Nehru liked children very much, so children used to call him Uncle Nehru.
Jawaharlal Motilal Nehru Information
Personal life Of JawaharlalMotilal Nehru
Shri Jawaharlal Nehru was born in the house of Kashmiri Pandits in Allahabad on November 14, this year. Born on 1889. February 7, 2006 In 1916, at the age of 26, he married Kamala Kaul. In 1917, he had a daughter, Indira Priyadarshini. Jawaharlal’s father, Motilal Nehru, died on February 6. He and his wife, Mrs. Kamala Nehru, died on February 28, 1931. Died 1936.
Political life Of Jawaharlal Motilal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru’s early education was through private tutoring at home. At the age of 15 he went to England and then for two years to Harrow for education. He graduated from Cambridge University with a degree in General Science. He returned to India in 1912 and went straight into politics.
He was present at the Bankipur Congress Convention held in 1912. In 1919, he became the president of the Home Rule movement in Allahabad. He first met Mahatma Gandhi in 1916 and was greatly inspired by him. In 1920, he organized the first Kisan Morcha in Pratapgarh district of Uttar Pradesh. During 1920-22, he was imprisoned twice for non-cooperation.
In September 1923, Pandit Nehru became the Secretary of the All India Congress Council. In 1926, he toured Italy, Switzerland, England, Belgium, Germany, and Russia. In 1928, while protesting against the Simon Commission, he was beaten with a stick. He was present at the All-Party Congress meeting held in the same year. It was in 1928 that he started the Independent India Movement. In 1929, Pandit Nehru became the President of the Lahore Convention of the Indian National Congress. There, complete independence was the goal.
When the British government passed a resolution on Indian law, the Congress decided to contest the elections. While out of the election, Nehru showed support for the party. The Congress formed the government in each state and won most of the seats. In 1936-1937, Nehru was appointed President of the Congress.
As the President of the Congress, he toured all over the country. He was also elected President of the All India Trade Union Congress and was closely associated with the organized labor movements in India.
Between 1930 and 1935, due to the Salt Satyagraha and other similar Satyagrahas, Nehru was often imprisoned. He completed his autobiography on February 14, 1935 in Almora Prison, Uttarakhand. After his release, he traveled to Switzerland, England, Spain, and China. On August 7, 1942, at the Mumbai session of the All India Congress Committee, he made the revolutionary declaration to leave India. He was arrested again the next day and taken to Ahmednagar fort. This was his longest but last imprisonment. In all, Pandit Nehru was imprisoned nine times. He was released in 1945. He moved to Southeast Asia in 1946. He was elected President of the Congress on July 6, 1946. He held the post till 1954.
Books written by Jawaharlal Motilal Nehru
- Autobiography (Original English, Marathi Translation – N.G. Gore)
- Indires Letters (Original English-Letters from a Father to His Daughter; Marathi Translation – V. L. Bodus)
- Search for India (Original English -Discovery of India, Marathi translation – Sane Guruji)
- Books written on Nehru
- Agnidivya: Kamala Nehru (Dhananjay Raje)
- The Sculptor of Modern India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (Author – Dr. DD Patil, Prof. AR Patil)
- Aaple Nehru (Childish, Author – Sane Guruji)
- Gostirup Uncle Nehru (Children’s Literature, Writer – Shankar Karhade)
- Story by Jawaharlal Nehru (Childish, Writer – Shyamkant Kulkarni)
- Jawaharlal Nehru (Original English Writer – S. Gopal; Marathi Translation – Purushottam Atmaram Chitre)
- Sculptor of Navbharata – Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru (Author – Sadananda Naik)
- Nehru & Bose (Original English Writer – Rudrangshu Mukherjee; Marathi Translator – Avadhut Dongre
- Nehru: The Sculptor of Navbharata (Original English Writer – MJ Akbar; Marathi Translation – Karuna Gokhale)
- Shadow of Nehru (Marathi translation by Savita Damle of the English book edited by PV Rajagopalan from the diaries of Nehru’s bodyguard KF Rustamji)
- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (Author – Dr. Neela Pandhare)
- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (Childish, Author – Raja Mangalvedhekar)
- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru: Person and Work (Government of Maharashtra)
- Pandit Nehru (P. No. Patke)
- First Prime Minister of India (Yashwant Gopal Bhave)